The classic holiday movie “The Year Without a Santa Claus” introduced us to two unforgettable bickering siblings: Snow Miser and Heat Miser. While their subplot roles functioned to help avert a Santa-less Christmas, their abilities to quickly summon frigid or scorching conditions are reminiscent of our rapidly changing climate, undulating from one extreme to another.
Following a year of heightened climate awareness in 2019, 2020 began as a year with heightened expectations world leaders would finally take the bold steps required to avert the climate emergency. Even though the 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference (the Convention of the Parties, “COP 25”) ended with no significant action, anticipation was high COP 26 in 2020 finally would yield significant results. However, COVID-19 resulted in the postponement of COP 26 until November 1-12, 2021.
However, even with the postponement of COP 26, some smaller-scale climate-related conferences did occur in the realm of Zoom. The University of Washington’s Program on Climate Change moved its annual Summer Institute online, focusing on climate extremes and climate and environmental equity. And the American Geophysical Union (AGU) also held its annual fall conference online, which also included a focus on equity and the lasting value of indigenous knowledge. Among key research unveiled at AGU2020 was how human-caused global warming may be permanently transforming the Arctic, and, therefore, global weather patterns.
COVID-19 has not stopped global warming
Despite the COVID-19-induced global economic shutdown last year, 2020 still managed to tie for the warmest year on record, according to data compiled by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Heat Miser took no holiday, and he’s poised to jolt Earth with even more warming in 2021 as the global economy recovers from the pandemic shut-down.
If COP 26 had taken place, would things be any different? Without a pandemic crippling the global economy, 2020 easily would’ve been the hottest year on record, joining the recent record-setters 2016, 2019, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2014, 2010, 2013, 2005, and 2009. It’s a troubling human-caused trend threatening a million plant and animal species worldwide, including humans, directly and indirectly.
The Year of Climate Action
If 2019 was The Year of the Climate, and 2020 the year of the pandemic, 2021 is shaping up to be The Year of Climate Action:
- President Biden wasted no time signing executive orders canceling the Keystone XL pipeline and rejoining the Paris Climate Agreement.
- The European Central Bank is shifting its policy to be climate-centric.
- Blackrock, which manages trillions of dollars of investments, will require disclosures from companies reflecting their commitment to goals of the Paris Agreement.
- Amazon and other companies have pledged to be net zero-carbon by 2040.
- General Motors plans to eliminate fossil-fuel vehicles by 2035.
- Shell Oil plans to become a net zero-carbon company by 2050 (albeit much sooner would be much better).
Corporate pledges of sustainability always should be viewed with skepticism, but it’s good to see some business leaders acknowledging the climate emergency. And, given such significant corporate activity, will COP 26 even be necessary? Heck yeah! As climate researchers have noted in recent years, the actions we take this decade will be crucial to get climate change under control. While businesses react to economic realities and consumers’ shifting wants and needs, it’s equally critical for policy makers to seize the moment, develop incentives to push industries even greener, and to hold each other accountable to uphold commitments pledged in Paris in 2015. However challenging, such accountability should be fundamental to all who attend COP 26.